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Adopt a more effective and better inform about the prevalence of tobacco products : Profile of the Ivory Coast on Tobacco

ContextIf nothing is done, the pandemic of tobacco will cause 10 millions of death by 2030 of which 70% in developing countries. To curb this trend, Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was put in place in 2005 with a set of monitoring indicators to assess the progress made by each country. These indicators focus on […]

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Determinants of tobacco demand and duration : Evidence from Senegal and Nigeria

INTRODUCTIONTobacco use has disastrous consequences on health, such as cancer and cardiovascular illnesses. Smoking causes 40% of deaths related to cancer and 9% of deaths related to other cardiovascular illnesses in ECOWAS region. According to the World Health Organisation, tobacco causes more than seven million deaths every year. The spending due to tobacco use represents […]

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Effectiveness of Tobacco product taxation systems in ECOWAS member countries : Tax incidence Approach

INTRODUCTIONTaxation is considered the most effective way to reduce the consumption of tobacco products. The World Health Organization (WHO) advocates, for effective tax policy on these products that excise taxes represent at least 75% of the selling price. The ECOWAS countries still have shares of all taxes in the sales price which do not reach […]

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Effectiveness of Tobacco product taxation systems in ECOWAS member countries : Tax incidence Approach

INTRODUCTIONIncreasing taxes is considered the most effective measure to reduce the consumption of tobacco products. To enable taxation to play this role, ECOWAS adopted a new Directive on the taxation of tobacco products in December 2017. It provides a set of measures including a rise in taxes with a mechanism for regular rate increases. The […]

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Public finances and tobacco taxation with product variety : Theory and application to Senegal and Nigeria

The use of excise taxes – ad valorem and specific – as a means to control cigarettes consumption is a relatively new toolkit in many developing countries. There is a long and documented history throughout the world of governments implementing such tax schemes to generate revenues. In many instances, tobacco taxation has also been highlighted […]

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Effectiveness of Tobacco Product Taxation Systems in ECOWAS member coutries : Tax frontier approach

INTRODUCTIONThe illicit tobacco trade offers products that escape taxation, health warnings and prohibition of sales to minors. Thus, promoting the smoking of children and poor people. This trade also generates revenues that finance organized crime with consequences on the general level of corruption and security in the countries. Despite the knowledge of these health, economic […]

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Illicit Trade in tobacco products in ECOWAS countries

INTRODUCTIONThe illicit tobacco trade offers products that escape taxation, health warnings and prohibition of sales to minors. Thus, promoting the smoking of children and poor people. This trade also generates revenues that finance organized crime with consequences on the general level of corruption and security in the countries. Despite the knowledge of these health, economic […]

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Market power of the tobacco industry in Senegal

INTRODUCTIONThe Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) adopted a new directive on the taxation of tobacco products in December 2017. The minimum rate of the ad valorem tax is now set at 50% with the removal of restrictions on the maximum rate level to be applied. A specific tax of US $ 0.02 per […]

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