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Inequalities in the context of structural transformation: Senegalese country case study.

Reducing inequality and poverty has become a priority of Senegal, since the late 1990s. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertaken since then by the state are rise up to the urgent social problems related to poverty and social justice. Despite its political stability, Senegal has been facing many economic and social challenges which often lead to regular interventions of the government. Even if the country’s development strategies largely influence its economic performance, the economy currently seems affected by the adverse international environment, particularly by the socio-political situation in Mali. It is not surprising that sometimes a State has other than social priorities, while its economy is in recession; this explains why developing countries often cut in social expenditures, in times of crisis.

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